SLGP Header

RBCAST: An Efficient Data Dissemination Technique to Reduce Broadcast Storm Problem In Vehicular AD-HOC Network

IJCSEC Front Page

Vehicular Ad-hoc Network (VANET) is an outgrowth of Mobile Ad-hoc Network (MANET). Vehicles in VANET are considered as nodes with wireless links. It enables communication among vehicles and Road Side Units (RSUs). In VANETs, many vehicles tries to send warning messages. So every vehicle within the transmission range will receive the broadcast message and rebroadcasts these messages to other vehicles. This makes the vehicles receive the traffic warning message repeatedly. Hence, redundancy, contention, and packet collisions occur due to simultaneous forwarding (usually known as the Broadcast storm problem). In this paper, RBCAST is proposed to address the broadcast storm problem in VANET. It reduces the number of retransmissions and more number of vehicles is alerted about emergency situation. In order to deliver the packets successfully and to reduce the broadcast storm problem, nodes must relay the packets with the help of the intermediate nodes.
Keywords:Broadcast storm, Redundancy, Relay, Road Side Unit, Vehicular Ad-hoc Network.


  1. B.Hofmann - Wellenho, H.Lichtenegger, J.Collins ,Global Positioning System: Theory and Practice (4th edition, Springer-Verlag,1997).
  2. E.D.Kaplan, Understanding GPS: Principles and Aplications( Artech House,1996).
  3. S.Panichpapiboon and W. Pattara-Atikom, “A review of information dissemination protocols for vehicular ad hoc networks,” Communications Surveys Tutorials, IEEE, Vol. 14, no. 3, 2012, pp. 784–798.
  4. Brij Bihari Dubey,Naveen Chauhan,Prashant Kumar,"A Survey on Data Dissemination Techniques used in VANETs",International Journal of Computer Applications,Vol.10, No.7,2010,pp.5-10.
  5. Wisitpongphan, N., Tonguz, O., Parikh, J., Mudalige, P., Bai, F., & Sadekar, V. (2007).”Broadcast storm mitigation techniques in vehicular ad hoc networks. Wireless Communications IEEE, Vol.14, No.6, pp. 84–94. 2007.
  6. Pricilla D S Rajakumari and M S Bhuvaneswari," A Novel BroadcastingProcedure for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks to Minimize Retransmissions", International Journal of Computer Application-Proceedings on International Conference on Innovations In Intelligent Instrumentation, Optimization and Electrical Sciences, December 2013,pp.7-11.
  7. Korkmaz.G and Ekici.E,"Urban Multi-hop Broadcast Protocol for Inter-vehicle Communication Systems", In: Proc.1st ACM International Workshop on Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANET’04), Philadelphia, USA,2004,pp. 76–85.
  8. Tseng, Y.-C., Ni, S.-Y., Chen, Y.S and Sheu, J.P,” The broadcast storm problem in a Mobile Ad Hoc Network. Wireless Networks”, Vol. 8,No. 2, 2002, pp.153–167.
  9. Karp, B., and Kung, H.T.,” GPSR: Greedy Perimeter Stateless Routing for Wireless Networks.”, In: Proceedings of the Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking, Boston, USA, 2000, pp. 243–254.
  10. Xu Wu, Jun Zheng, Hui Tong and Nathalie Mitton,"DAYcast: A Dynamic Transmission Delay Based Broadcast Protocol for Vehicular AdHoc Networks",IEEE ICC 2014 Ad-hoc and Sensor Networking Symposium., Australia, pp.563-567.
  11. Imen Achour,Tarek Bejaoui, Anthony Busson and Sami Tabbane,"SEAD: A Simple and Efficient Adaptive Data Dissemination Protocol in Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks",Wireless Networks, 2015,pp.1-11.
  12. Manoel Rui P. Paula, Daniel Sucupira Lima, Filipe Maciel Roberto,Andr´e Ribeiro Cardoso and Joaquim Celestino Jr.,"A Technique to Mitigate the Broadcast Storm Problem in VANETs",ICN 2014: The Thirteenth International Conference on Networks,France,pp 242-248.
  13. Yang Yang, Qian Liu, Zhipeng Gao, Xuesong Qiu, Lanlan Rui and Xin Li,"A data dissemination mechanism for motorway environment in VANETs",Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, Vol.2015,No.1, 2015, pp.1-11.
  14. P. Calduwel Newton, C. Prasanna Ranjith and Mary Jane Aragon, “A Secured and Optimized Routing in MANET using Genetic Algorithms”, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Applied Information and Communication Technology (ICAICT), Middle East College, Sultanate ofOman, April 2014.
  15. R. Nismon Rio and Dr. P .Calduwel Newton, “A Technique to Find Optimum Path for Reducing Data Transfer Delay in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks”, Proceedings of the International Conference on Developments in Engineering Research (ICDER), International Association of Engineering & Technology for Skill Development, Chennai, June 2015, pp. 50-53.