Typical Heterogeneous Network Deployment in Green Cellular Networks

IJCSEC Front Page
Abstract:
Energy efficiency in cellular networks is growing and emerging concern for cellular operators and it is called green cellular networks. It not only maintain profitability, but also to reduce the overall environment effects to give a green environment. This raising trend of achieving energy efficiency in cellular networks depends upon the heterogeneous network deployment motivating the standardization authorities. Network operators to continuously explore future technologies in order to bring improvements to the whole network infrastructure to give good and green infrastructure to the word. The survey of this article, we present a brief survey of methods to improve the power efficiency of cellular networks, exploit some new research issues and challenges and suggestion of some techniques to enable an energy efficient or “green” cellular network. All the base stations absorbs maximum portion of the total energy used in a cellular system, we will first provide a comparative survey on techniques to obtain energy savings in base stations.

Keywords:green cellular networks, pico cells, macro cells, femto cells.

References:

  1. Green Power for Mobile, GSMA, “Community Power Using Mobile to Extend the Grid”. Available: http://www.gsmworld.com/documents/gpfm community power11 white paper lores.pdf
  2. Han et al., “Green radio: radio techniques to enable energy-efficient wireless networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 46-54, 2011.
  3. L. M Correia, et. al, “Challenges and enabling technologies for energy aware mobile radio networks,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol.48, no.11, pp.66-72, November 2010.
  4. 3GPP TR 32.826, Telecommunication management; Study on Energy Savings Management (ESM), (Release 10), Mar 2010. Available: http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/Specs/html-info/32826.htm
  5. ITU-T Focus Group on Future Networks (FG FN), FG-FN OD-66, Draft Deliverable on “Overview of Energy Saving of Networks”, October 2010. Available: http://www.itu.int/dms pub/itut/oth/3A/05/T3A050000660001MSWE.doc
  6. “Energy Aware Radio and NeTwork TecHnologies (EARTH)”. https://www.ict-earth.eu/
  7. “Towards Real Energy-efficient Network Design (TREND)”. http://www.fp7-trend.eu/
  8. “Cognitive Radio and Cooperative strategies for Power saving in multistandard wireless devices (C2POWER)”. http://www.ict-c2power.eu/